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Forest Preserve of DuPage County Plant Sale and Free wood chips

The Forest Preserve District of DuPage County is sharing the following information with MPKS.

With spring trying to show up, the Forest Preserve District would like you to know that their annual native plant sale catalog is now on their web site and pre-orders are being taken through April 16.

Something new this year:  Free wood chips are available the weekend after the native plant sale: May 19 from 8 AM to 1 PM.  Bring your bin or pickup truck to the District’s Nursery on Mack Rd and they’ll help you load up wood chips to mulch your new plants.  Wood chips are not available to contractors but the District is happy to provide them for home owner groups and non-profits.

Wood chip postcard.218


2017 Volunteer of the Year

The 2017 Volunteer Appreciation dinner was held December 3rd at Clara’s in Woodridge IL. After dinner, Ed Buck thanked all members who volunteered during the year at various club functions.

The president also has the privilege of selecting a MPKS member as the volunteer of the year. The 2017 recipient of this honor is Tom Musil and Bob Musil.

Congratulations Tom and Bob and thanks for all your hard work!

2018 Calendar of Meetings

The new 2018 calendar for MPKS is posted. We have some great topics this year along with different meeting locations. February’s topic is how the weather effects our ponds and fish at a new location. Myron and Ellen Kloubec will talk about the effects of all this cold weather on our fish

In March we are doing our private group tour of the Chicago Flower Show. In April, Mike White will share his wisdom with us on bogs. May’s topic is all about Bee Keeping from one of our members.  Of course, we have our Tosai auction May 19th and Spring auction June 2nd followed by the Koi Show and Trade Show in June.

We have the exciting pond tour in July and in August we visit the Koubec Koi Farm. The August meeting is different this year. The meeting will be held on Saturday morning and will be an outing to The Gardens at Ball.

Check out the calendar of events for the details on time, locations, and speaker information.

Hope to see you at a meeting!

Charlene Cebulski


2017 Election Results

Election Results

The annual election for Officers and Board Directors was held at the October 20th club meeting. The following MPKS members were elected to the position listed and will serve a two year term.

President: Ed Buck

Secretary: Charlene Cebulski

Executive Chair: Pat Hall

Directors: Linda Ray, Bruce Zierk, John Hall, and Bob Passovoy.


Order bulbs from De Vroomen

Tulip Bulb Order

The order for 2017 has been placed and received.  Check back  August 2018 for the next order.

MPKS is placing a special club order with DeVroomen for tulips, etc. To be part of this club order, the following information should be sent via mail or email to

TulipsFor your order, please include

Your name and phone number.

For each item, please list:

Quantity, part number, description, and price, or you can fill out the  OrderForm2017,  and send it to Charlene.


Depending on the volume of the order, the club may receive a discount. The bulbs will be shipped to MPKS during the month of September.

You may view the catalog online here Landscape_DeVroomen_2017. The pricing information is in the order form . The quantity listed is how many bulbs are in the package. Only whole packages may be ordered. MPKS is not splitting packages.

Come to the MPKS Picnic!

Our picnic is planned for Sunday, August 20th at Andrew Toman Grove, W. 27th & Des Plaines Avenue, Riverside. Our picnic site entrance is on Des Plaines.

The park is open from dawn to dusk and the property has a pavilion with picnic tables. We have a nice piece of park reserved, to accommodate games, or just relaxing with friends. Feel free to bring yard games.

Coolers are welcome!

This year we are grilling assorted sausages and we ask for side dishes and desserts or any other nibble you may wish to bring. Lunch will be served at 1:00 PM.

Please email by August 13th, if you plan to attend. We hope to see you there!

Road Trip to Kloubec Koi Farm

Road Trip to Kloubec Koi Farm

Myron and Ellen Kloubec have extended an invitation to MPKS to visit their facility on Saturday August 12th. The agenda for the day follows:


Check in at Noon, farm tour, koi purchasing and mud-pond grow out opportunity.

The dinner plans for Saturday evening is a 6:30 PM family style dinner at the Ox Yoke Inn located in Amana. The dinner cost is approx $23.00 per person. After dinner we head back to the Kloubec Farm for a bonfire and BYOB get-together.


A 9:00 AM brunch at the Cedar Ridge Winery, 1441 Marak Rd NW, Swisher IA, for $16.99. Any koi purchases may be picked up following the brunch.

The driving trip is about 3 to 3-1/2 hours from the Naperville/Lisle area. The Amana Colonies are close by for shops and restaurants.

For those who want to spend the night, there is a block of rooms at the County Inns & Suites at Cedar Rapids Airport. The hotel information is 9100 Atlantic Drive SW, Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, 319-363-3789. The block will be held until August 4th   under Koi Fish Farm and the rate is $89 plus tax.

Please make your own hotel reservations.

Please RSVP if you plan on attending to or call the MPKS voicemail (312) 409-2081 by Sunday August 6th. Also indicate if you are joining us for the dinner and/or brunch.

Hope you can join us!

Pictures of Koi Show Winners

June 23rd – 25th was the 25th Annual Koi Show and Trade Show for MPKS.  Thank you to all who showed their beautiful Koi.

210 fish were benched and judged for the Koi Show.

Congratulations to the winning fish!


New Petition by Center for Invasive Species Prevention has huge implications for koi hobby


The Koi Industry and Koi Hobby are in Jeopardy!

Written by Ellen Kloubec

Believe it or not, the US government is considering the inclusion of our beloved Koi, (Cyprinus carpio) to its injurious species list. Being on the injurious species list would mean the movement of the species is strictly prohibited. The transportation of Koi across any state line would become illegal: a felony with penalties, both monetary and prison sentences being imposed. Such movement of Koi, as well as the importation of Koi, would be considered a direct violation of the U.S. Lacey Act.

If this occurs, it will become a federal crime for individuals to transport pet koi outside of their home state to participate in koi shows. No longer could any koi be purchased from outside of your home state. You would no longer have the option to purchase or import koi from Japan, or any other country. No koi will be allowed to cross state lines. Imagine, even in the event of relocation or retirement, you will be a charged with a felony if you move to another state and take your pet koi with you! The Koi hobby and industry will be devastated!

Read the U.S. Lacey Act at this link

How is This Possible?

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) received a petition on September 23, 2016 to list 43 native and nonnative aquatic species as Injurious Wildlife under the authority granted by the Lacey Act.

The title: Petition: To Amend 50 CFR §16.13 to List 43 High Risk Fish, Crayfish, and Mollusk Species as Injurious Species under the Lacey Act

The petition includes the black acara, blue catfish, common carp (i.e., koi), grass carp, guppies, Jaguar guapote, three plecos (Amazon, Orinoco and vermiculated sailfin catfish), red swamp crawfish, and three tilapias (i.e., blue, Mozambique and Nile).  Many of the crayfish farmers in the south and tilapia producers throughout the country will be impacted.

The petition came from the Center for Invasive Species Prevention (CISP, a private, non-government organization).

Read the entire CISP petition at this link.

See a Flow Chart on the Evaluation Process for Inclusion on the Injurious Species List

What Can Be Done?

The National Aquaculture Association (NAA) is a private entity that helps in the fight against changing regulations that could be detrimental to the aquaculture industry in the US. It is currently objecting to these proposed changes. As an active member of the NAA, Kloubec Koi Farm receives the latest information in regards to this issue and we will continue to pass pertinent information on to maintain awareness of any changes.

The US FWS must assess all petitions received, and it calls for public input on each one. At this time the US Fish & Wildlife Service is welcoming information on this issue. They’d like to hear from the industry, growers, sellers, consumers and hobbyists who may oppose the petition to include common carp (Cyprinus carpio) (i.e, Koi) to the national injurious species list.

Unfortunately, there is no set timeline for a determination. We certainly would like to raise as much opposition to this issue as possible in a relatively quick manner. It is in the hobby and industry’s best interests to be pro-active rather than re-active, should an unfavorable ruling be imposed.

Please help in the fight against the CISP petition!

Send comments to:

Mr. Craig Martin, Chief

Branch of Aquatic Invasive Species

US Fish & Wildlife Service

5275 Leesburg Pike

Falls Church, VA  22041

Phone: (703) 358-1932


Send a copy of your comments to:

National Aquaculture Association

PO Box 12759

Tallahassee, FL  32317-2759

Phone: (850) 216-2400


In addition to contacting the two entities above, it would be beneficial to contact your state legislators as well. You may use this link to find the appropriate office in your state for voicing an opinion: Who is my representative?

Write, call and email the offices to let them know that you strongly disagree with the inclusion of common carp, Koi, (Cyprinus carpio) to the injurious species list of the United States of America and the proposed regulation change.

A sample letter is here to assist in addressing this complicated issue. Please feel free to use all or any of it, and add to it as you see fit. Please be firm, yet polite when voicing your strong opposition to the proposed regulation change.

I’d like to share an interesting fact about the common carp. In my conversations with the President of the Nation Aquaculture Association regarding this issue I was enlightened on just how the common carp was introduced to the United States. Back in 1877 the US Fish & Wildlife Service, in its infancy operating under a different name, the US Fish Commission intentionally stocked the common carp throughout the USA waters for two decades as a food source for the millions of immigrants populating our nation. At that time, it seemed like a good idea. Now there is no hope of eradicating the species.

Unfortunately, our genetically selected pets (Koi) are included in the entire species known as Cyprinus carpio and may be subject to these proposed stifling regulations proposed by the CISP; limiting its production, movement, and all of our enjoyment associated with the koi species and hobby.

In closing, I encourage everyone to make at least ONE contact regarding this issue to help prevent the inclusion of Koi to the injurious species list.

Spread the word to increase our chances of prevailing!

Your Friends in Koi,

Ellen Kloubec, Myron Kloubec & The Kloubec Koi Farm Staff

In addition to the above information, please take a few minutes to read three additional documents which highlight this issue:

  1. Sample letter to be used when corresponding with legislative representatives
  2. Injurious Wildlife Petition Summary and Action Plan
  3. Hi-risk Petition Final

Koi History by Ray Jordan

picture1No written history was kept of the early development of colored carp. Oral history of colored carp/koi is sketchy and often there are many different variations on how specific varieties of koi were developed. That said, here is the version that rings most true to my ear.


Origin/Distribution of Cyprinus carpio


It is believed that the common river carp originated in the Caspian & Black sea area. Carp were traded and carried father and farther from their original location because of their ability to survive in many different types of climates and waterways.





Common river carp have been raised for food for thousands of years.

Carp sometimes have natural mutations of colors including spots or bellies that are red, brown, grey, light blue/grey, light yellow, and tortoiseshell. Carp farmers all over the world would have seen these same mutations but only in the Niigata area of Japan were carp developed and refined successfully by selective breeding to eventually become what we know today as living jewels (koi).




Carp in Eastern Cultures

  • Carp is an Auspicious Animal believed to possess special attributes – Strength, Health, Persistence, Luck, Wealth, & Destiny
  • There is an important myth of a carp leaping up a waterfall and swimming tirelessly upstream to reach the headwater. When it succeeded, it was rewarded by transformation into a mighty dragon. In China, images or statues of carp are a traditional gift to a student beginning school.
  • In Japan, auspicious colors are red, white, black, blue, yellow, & brown.
  • The color Red (aka) is an expression of happy or bright feelings. Red evokes images of fortunate or happy occasions, symbolized by red and white as seen on kohaku.
  • “Nishikigoi begins and ends with Kohaku.”
  • Japanese prefer the majority of koi in a pond should be Kohaku to convey bright, happy feelings.

Carp sometimes have natural mutations of colors including spots or bellies that are red, brown, grey, light blue/grey, light yellow, and tortoiseshell. Carp farmers all over the world would have seen these same mutations but only in the Niigata area of Japan were carp developed and refined successfully by selective breeding to eventually become what we know today as living jewels (koi).

Why Were Koi Created Only in Niigata, Japan?

  • Very isolated in winter
  • 20+ feet of snow accumulation
  • Lack of fresh food in winter
  • Very Artistic/Creative/Competitive People
  • Profit – Colored Carp were valuable
  • Competitions (Annual Formal Koi Shows in Niigata area since 1912)
  • Artistic – Create something new, exciting, & unique.

It is believed carp first came to Japan by way of China about 400 – 600 years ago. Likely the remoteness of the mountainous Niigata area and especially in their harsh winters, with up to 20 ft of accumulated snow, inspired these home-bound villagers to find something beautiful to occupy their minds. Winters were so harsh that some carp had to be brought into temporary ponds inside their small homes to survive.


It is incredible to think that some bored rice/carp farmer, gazing at some of his pet magoi with a few red or gold spots, started thinking “I can breed Spot and Speckles and create a new type of colorful carp and then sell them for lots of Yen.”
Imagine what he would think if he could return today and see how popular, beautiful and expensive some of the descendants of his pet fish experiment had become.

Carp in Niigata: Breeding for Color Begins

Key Dates in Koi History
1889 – Kunizo Hiroi (Gosuke) bred 1st modern kohaku
1904 – 1st German carp imported and bred to asagi
1908 – Post Russo/Japan War boom – colored carp prices soar – sales banned – 1st koi shows
1914 – Patterned Carp Exhibition in Tokyo
1917 – Elizaburo Hoshino, bred 1st Taisho sanke
1927 – Jukichi Hoshino (Shiro-bei) bred 1st Showa sanke
WW II – Most koi lost – confiscated for food
1946 – Sawata Aoki created first Yamabuki Ogon
1950 – Hiroshima area produced 1st gin rin Kohaku
1960 – First plastic bags & use of oxygen
1964 – Tomiji Kobayashi developed new style showa
1968 – ZNA formed – 1st ZNA – All Japan Show
1980 – AKCA formed

Dark and light Asagis

Some of the earliest accidental occurring types of colored carp seen were Magoi (large black wild carp) with red bellies. From these early colored carp came three types of “different magoi.” Finally three separate branches of koi genealogy emerged.

It is believed that Magoi & Hi-goi and crosses produced “black based” koi. First came Hi (red) and Ki (yellow) bekkos with black tortoise shell markings.


From darker Asagis came Goshiki, then later Koromo, Aka and Ki Matsubas, Karasu (all black), Hageshiro (black with white fins), and Matsukawa-bake (black with changeable white pattern).

From lighter blue based asagis came the white based koi. Taki-asagi (White sided) were the type of asagi used to eventually produce the first Kohaku. About 1830, Taki-asagi pairings produced a few white carp with red spots. These were the first colored carp to be called Kohaku (Red & White) and were the early ancestors of the modern Kohaku which is still the most popular koi kept today.

kohakuIn the late 1800’s there were a few unique red & white fish produced from breeding Taki Asagis. . In 1889 Kunizo Hiroi (Gosuke) bred a female carp that was white with a red head to a male carp with a red cherry blossom pattern to produce the first modernkohaku.

Kohakus were bred with Goshiki – Asagi and/or Hi Bekkos to produce the first “old style” Sankes and also shiro bekkos. In the post Russo/Japan war boom years the koi market exploded and prices soared to the point that the sale of koi was banned for awhile. But like our own Prohibition, the koi black market thrived. After a few years the sale of koi was permitted – and taxed – again.
Imagine after the fall harvest groups of rustic Niigata carp/koi farmers celebrating in Ojita City with pockets bulging with yen made by selling their “colored” carp.
Must have been quite a celebration.

Carp in Niigata: Breeding for Color Continues

aka, beni, hi = different shades of red
sumi = black
shiro = white
ki – yellow
motoguro= black spots at the base of pectoral fins

In 1917 a Niigata koi farmer, Elizaburo Hoshino, bred a special male kohaku with a female Ai Goromo which had just a few spots of sumi netting. This produced the 1st Taisho sanke sanshoku (modern type).
About the same time, Ki bekkos were bred with magoi to produce the first Ki Utsuri.


Finally Hi and/or Ki Utsuri and Kohaku or White-ish Kawarigoi with red spots were bred by Jukichi Hoshino (Shiro-bei). He produced the first “original style” Showa that looked somewhat like Hi/Ki utsuri in the early 20th century. These early showas had goshiki-like (grayish) shiro and striped fins.












The next change was accomplished by breeding showa to asagi, which helped produce motoguro marked fins. In 1964 Tomiji Kobayashi crossed a Male Yogozen Kohaku with a female showa to produce a new style showa with a large dorsal crimson red pattern. It also had a brighter white ground without netting, deep wrapping sumi that formed motoguro, and a zigzag pattern on the head.

Jukichi Hoshino (Shiro-bei) produced the first “original style” Showa that looked somewhat like Hi/Ki utsuri in the early 20th century. These early showas had goshiki like (grayish) shiro and striped fins. Next change was accomplished by breeding to asagi which helped produce motoguro marked fins.

In 1964 Tomiji Kobayashi crossed a Male Yogozen Kohaku with a female showa to produce a new style showa with a large dorsal crimson red pattern. It also had a brighter white ground without netting, deep wrapping sumi that forms motoguro, and a zigzag pattern on head.




















There were three additional major steps in the development of the modern koi we see today.

1. Doitsu

First, German carp, which were scale-less and tan colored, were introduced into Japan in 1904. Some early crosses with Asagi produced Shusui, Chagoi, and Kumonryu. These fish, which have very few or no scales, are called “doitsu” – the Japanese pronunciation of “Deutch”.
Most types of koi bred today have had a doitsu version produced. Some popular varieties such as kujaku were actually first produced in the doitsu form and later crossed with scaled koi to develop into the form and pattern we know today.

2. Metallic

Second, in 1921, Sawata Aoki heard the story of a special carp with streaks of gold on its dorsal fin, which had been caught in the river near Hirose village about 30 kilometers away. Sawata felt compelled to walk to the area and see this carp. It was a black magoi with a shine at the base of its dorsal fin. He bought it for a high price and took it home.

After he allowed it to grow large he bred it, keeping only the very few babies that had any golden shine. Over the next 25 years he produced koi there were more and more metallic – Kin Kabuto, Gin Kabuto, Kinbo and Sakin.


In 1946 Sawata spent a small fortune, 60 yen, to buy a famous female koi of the shiro-fuji (White with shiny silvery head) type which he crossed with his own most improved metallic offspring. This was at the end of World War II and times were very hard. There was no money to buy food for the koi fry so he would catch insects all day and chew them into tiny bits to feed his fry. The people of his village believed he was crazy.

By the end of the summer there were two koi out of this group that had a shining gold sheen all over their bodies. They were also twice the size of their brothers and sisters. These were the original ogon koi (metallic golden scaled dark koi). Can there be any doubt that the special care and devotion shown by Sawata to his creations has produced generations of ogon koi that seem to be more easily tamed than any other type of koi?

Sadly, Sawata never benefited from his creation. He spent everything he had, and he and his family lived in rags, to produce a few first ogons. Later other breeders like Takehira Hoshide would acquire his ogon offspring and develop more refined brightly colored Yambukis (gold) and Platinums (silver). The first of these 2nd generation ogons sold for huge sums of money. Ogons are the basis for creating all the metallic types of koi we see today, including Kin Showa, Kujaku, Hariwake, Yamato Nishiki, and Kikiuryus.

3. Ginrin

Third, in Hiroshima (Southern Japan) about 1920 some magoi were discovered that had scales along their backs that sparkled like diamonds. These diamond type scales were first called “Dia Ginrin”.

Many attempts were made to breed these magoi to get baby koi with these types of scales all over the body. Then these Dia Ginrin koi were bred to popular types of koi.

About 1950 the first kinginrin kohaku appeared. Some of these first Dia Kohakus sold for $30,000 in the 1950’s. Dia Ginrin is more commonly called Hiroshima ginrin today.

Several other types of gin rin have been developed including Tama also called pearl gin, beta gin, and kado, also called “edge”, gin.
It is amazing to think that in a little over 100 years all the 100+ named varieties we know today were developed. Most since World War II when almost all koi were lost in Japan due to lack of food and orders from the military to forfeit all carp to be eaten. Fortunately the core koi brood stock was hidden in secluded Shinto temple ponds. After the war the survivors were recovered and breeding began again. But that is another story entirely.

Carp/Koi History Terms
Carp – Common River Carp (Cyprinus carpio)
Goi – Japanese for Carp
Magoi – Japanese for black carp grown for food
Variety First bred about Breeder Parent Koi Parent Koi
Asagi Early 1800's Spontaneous generation Lighter colored Asagi Magoi
Ki Bekko Mid 1800'sSpontaneous generation Magoi Hi-goi
Kohaku 1889 Kunizo Hiroi (Gosuke) White female(red head) White male (red-cherry blossom pattern)
Original Sanke 1890-1900 ?Kohaku Shiro Bekko
Shusui 1910 Kichigoro Akiyama Asagi sankeDoitsu mirror carp
Ki Utsuri 1921 Elzaburo HoshinoKi Bekko Magoi
Ki Utsuri (refined)1924 Mosaku Hiroi Ki Utsuri Ki Utsuri
Shiro Utsuri 1925 Kazui Minemura Magoi  
1926 or 1927 Jukichi Hoshino

(M) Ki or Hi Utsuri (F) Kohaku or red/white Kawarigoi
Dark Ogon 1946 Sawata Aoki Kinbo Kin Kabuto
Yamabuki Ogon 1957 Sawata Aoki Ki-goi Light colored Ogon
Doitsu Kujaku 1960 Toshio Hirasawa Hariwaki Shusui
Platinum Ogon 1963 Tadao Yoshioko Ki-goi Nezu Ogon
Midori-goi 1963 Tacho Yodhioka Male Yamabuki OgonFemale Shusui
Kobaysahi Showa 1964 Tomiji Kobayashi (M) Yagozen Kohaku(F) Showa
Yamato-Nishiki 1965 Seikichi Hoshino Sanke Ogon
Beni Kumanryu 1980 Megumi Yoshida Male Kumanryu Female Doitsu Kohaku
Kikikuryu 1993 Kataoka & Aoki Kumanryu Doitsu Kikusui
Beni Kikikuryu 1995 Kataoka & Aoki Beni Kumanryu Doitsu Kikusui



Koi Pattern Development






























Champions, Then…










…and Now







Copyright 2006 Ray Jordan